RepRisk provides a comprehensive data solution for understanding ESG exposure and business conduct risks on a global scale. Within the landscape of ESG research, RepRisk exclusively focuses on risks - i.e. RepRisk systematically captures and analyzes adverse ESG and business conduct information that can have a reputational, compliance, and financial impact on a company. Since 2006, RepRisk has been leveraging artificial intelligence and has pioneered solutions that combine machine learning with curated human analysis, thereby translating big data into actionable research, analytics, and risk metrics, in 20 languages, on a daily basis. With detailed breakouts of the environmental, social, and governance factors as well as a proprietary ESG risk metric, the RepRisk Index (RRI) makes it easy to quantify a company or portfolio’s exposure to ESG-related risks. Data is collected, aggregated, and analyzed from over 80,000 media, stakeholder, and other third-party sources. This outside-in perspective helps you assess whether a company’s policies and processes are translating into actual performance on the ground.
New source of alpha for quantitative investment models
Overweight / underweight regions or sectors based on aggregated ESG factors
Negative/ Exclusionary Screening
Exclude certain companies from your fund or portfolio to meet your internal policies on certain sectors, companies or practices based or on specific ESG criteria
Screening of investments against minimum standards of business practice based on international norms
Identify risk incidents related to negative ESG events
Create screens for a given sector to identify desirable and undesirable companies based on ESG values
Compliance and Portfolio Management
Monitor risk incidents over time and assess ESG compliance of your portfolio, including identifying laggards or companies with consistently high ESG risk exposure that needs further action. RepRisk Data Feed also gives you the ability to track momentum of RRI changes over time
Thanks to its unique event- and issues-driven research approach, RepRisk offers universal coverage—i.e. RepRisk captures any company exposed to ESG risks, regardless of the company’s size, sector, country of headquarters or operations, or whether the company is public or private. As of May 2019, RepRisk has identified over 120,000 companies with risk incidents, however this number will continue to grow as new incidents captured and updated daily. RepRisk provides ESG breakouts of the risk incidents across the globe and the company-specific proprietary RRI scores. A rules-based research process helps ensure consistent data over time—with data history from January 2007 onward. Figure 1 highlights this detail, showing the number of companies with risk incidents, based on the company headquarters by location and region.
Figure 1: Company Coverage
In order to calculate the RepRisk Index (RRI) risk metric, risk incidents must be identified and analyzed appropriately. Figure 2 highlights not only the volume of these risk incidents, but the sheer amount of information tracked and tagged going back to 2007. Currently RepRisk pre-processes over 500,000 risk incidents from 80,000+ sources on a daily basis thanks to its advanced machine learning capabilities and artificial intelligence aggregation, and in combination with human analysis and curation, submits over 100,000 unique ESG risk incidents per month in order to calculate the RRI risk metric as well as categorization of these incidents into ESG Topic Tags, ESG Issues, and the UN Global Compact Principles. RepRisk’s ESG Topic Tags, ESG Issues and alleged violations of the UN Global Compact Principles are highlighted in Figures 3 through 5 below.
Figure 2: Risk Incident Classification
RepRisk’s core research scope is comprised of 28 ESG Issues that drive the entire research process, as every risk incident is linked to at least one of these Issues. When RepRisk screens the media and stakeholder sources, it screens for any risk information linked to these Issues (show in Figure 3).
Figure 3: Issues
These 28 Issues can be specifically mapped to the 10 Principles of the UN Global Compact, which are also tracked in the DataFeed, with the number of linked risk incidents per principle shown in Figure 4.
Figure 4: UNGC Principles
RepRisk also covers over 50 additional Topic Tags, which are designated ESG “hot topics,” or extensions of RepRisk’s core ESG Issues research scope. Topic Tags are specific and thematic, and one Topic Tag can be linked to multiple ESG Issues. They are a dynamic concept, with the list expanding over time in line with developments and client feedback. Figure 5 highlights the list of Topic Tags.
Figure 5: Topic Tags
There are several ways RepRisk provides a unique take on ESG data:
Daily data—allows users to respond to risk incidents as they unfold with actionable data and to understand the far-reaching impacts of risk incidents through several easy to understand metrics
More than just ESG risk metrics—assigns volume of risk incidents to more granular categories of 28 Issues, the 10 UNGC Principles, and over 50 Topic Tags
Track severity (harshness) of risk incidents—the severity is determined in a rule-based way as a function of three dimensions:
What are the consequences of the risk incident (e.g., with respect to health and safety: no further consequences, injury, death)
What is the extent of the risk incident (one person, a group of people, a large number of people)
Was the risk incident caused by an accident, by negligence, or intent, or even in a systematic way
Track reach (influence) of risk incidents—all sources are pre-classified by reach (influence based on readership/circulation)
Low influence sources would include local media, smaller NGOs, local governmental bodies, blogs, internet sites, etc.
Medium influence sources include most national and regional media, international NGOs, and state, national, and international governmental bodies
High influence sources are the few international media that reach global audiences—e.g. the FT, NY Times, BBC, and others
Example Use Case
There are a number of ways to utilize ESG data, but one way involves tracking an individual company and looking for deviations in their risk exposure or identifying systematic exposure ESG risk and issues over time. Volkswagen is an interesting example, as it has historically had higher levels of risk, averaging in the 40s-60s for its RRI score, as shown in Figure 6. It was not until the diesel scandal was unveiled when the company hit its peak RRI of 77. As the transparency and number of systematic controls put in place increased atVolkswagen, its RRI began to regress (although the company is still considered to have very high-risk exposure). The risk incident counts forVolkswagen show an interesting pattern as well—a 5x increase after the diesel scandal was unveiled. RepRisk has captured more than 500 risk incidents (on a rolling two-year basis) onVolkswagen, helping its users sift through noise and produce valuable output.
Figure 6: Volkswagen Example
Whether you are trying to take a systematic approach to an ESG-related investment strategy or simply trying to get a feel for your portfolio’s exposure to specific ESG factors, RepRisk can help you fill a crucial data void.
For more information on RepRisk, including case studies, white papers, and additional research, please visit the RepRisk page on the Open:FactSet Marketplace. If you have any questions please contact us atOFSupport@factset.com.